UNSomalia

Resources

FOOD SECURITY ASSESSMENT UNIT SOMALIA

FOOD SECURITY WARNING / SOOL PLATEAU / SEPTEMBER 2003 FOR LATEST INFORMATION
PLEASE DOWNLOAD FOOD SECURITY WARNING FROM WWW.FEWS.NET

OCTOBER 2003 FOOD SECURITY FOCUS AND MONTHLY Report 

OVERVIEW OF THE GU 2003 ANALYTICAL PROCESS

In August 2003, FSAU and partners (Agrosphere, CEFA, CARE, Concern, GTZ, MOA, OCHA, Oxfam, SC-UK (Somalia/Ethiopia), SCRS, WFP Somalia and World Vision) conducted field work throughout Somalia to assess the agricultural and pastoral conditions and outlook until April 2004. The field teams estimated total maize and sorghum production per district (area cultivated and yield per hectare) based on farmer/focus group interviews and field surveys. The teams also identified positive and negative factors which could affect the final production figures for each district. In pastoral areas the assessment emphasized livestock production and reproduction, particularly milk yields, herd composition, and herd dynamics. Field teams included nutritionists to promote integration of nutritional trends in the final food security forecast.

In addition to the field work that forms the basis of the agricultural and pastoral assessments, analysis of satellite imagery, nutritional trends, market prices, and security were integrated for both triangulation and, when compared with the baseline information for each livelihood zone, projecting the food security outlook until April 2004. Since the Gu 2003 analysis includes a projected outlook through to Gu 2004 several assumptions are made:� Two scenarios are used for the coming Deyr seasonal production : 100 and 50 of post-war average. In consideration of information from the Climate Outlook Forum� Exchange rates are pegged at current rates due to the unpredictable political climate inside and outside Somalia. � Security conditions are taken as being similar to the current situation

Estimates are made as to how households might increase or decrease productive activities (coping strategies), and how the availability of each activity differs from "normal" (influenced by seasonal and other factors). Potential coping activities include production of other crops (including fodder), sale of labour, exploitation of natural resources exploitation (grasses, poles, charcoal, gums, honey etc.), sales of live animal and milk and increased recourse to gifts and remittances.

The final integrated food security outlook is ultimately expressed as a percentage livelihood (i.e., food entitlement) deficit for livelihood zones of concern. The deficit figure, while expressed as a food deficit, should not be taken to indicate the need for a food-base response. The figure essentially refers to a gap in entitlements, and the problem could be one of a number of factors such as increased costs of key purchased commodities, or reduced availability of income-generating opportunities. It could be that food needs are being met but at the cost of neglecting other key items of expenditure.

The FSAU convened a working session in Hargeisa on September 16 to present preliminary findings and to receive feedback from key stakeholders. Twenty two organizations attended this workshop and their input is highly appreciated. The FSAU hopes that the analysis in this report will assist agencies to design timely and appropriate strategies for both short and long term interventions that will enhance food security in Somalia. The FSAU encourages and welcomes consultation with interested agencies.


To view FSAU Monthly Food Security Report click on the publications below.

FSAU Monthly Report Archive

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-SEPTEMBER 2003

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-AUGUST 2003

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-JULY 2003

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-JUNE 2003

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-MAY 2003

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-APRIL 2003

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-MARCH 2003

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-FEBRUARY 2003

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-JANUARY 2003

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-DECEMBER 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-NOVEMBER 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-OCTOBER 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-SEPTEMBER 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-AUGUST 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-JULY 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-JUNE 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-MAY 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-APRIL 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-MARCH 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-FEBRUARY 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-JANUARY 2002

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-DECEMBER 2001

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-NOVEMBER 2001

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-OCTOBER 2001

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-SEPTEMBER 2001

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-AUGUST  2001

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-JULY 2001

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-JUNE 2001

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-MAY 2001

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-APRIL 2001

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-MARCH 2001

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-FEBRUARY 2001

  • FSAU MONTHLY REPORT-JANUARY 2001